The FBI’s largest arm is the Criminal Investigations Division (CID). It was created in 1908, and after 9/11 the divisions main focus became national security. CID staff comprise nearly 4,800 Special Agents, but many have moved on to other national security professions.

The Global Influence of the FBI’s Criminal Investigation Division

The CID’s most pressing priority is criminal organisations that pop up either overseas and in local immigrant communities that might not be visible to the general bystander. The kinds of groups the CID targets are Mafia-like, generally of Eastern European and Asian descent. They threaten peace in the community as well as national security. While they might not engage in direct terrorist activities, they don’t care about public welfare and are often involved in smuggling, including the propagation of WMDs for use by terrorist organisations. Because of this, the FBI needs more that just law enforcement to apprehend them. It needs also to rely on its immense intelligence network.

Jobs within the CID can include the infiltration of gangs, including identifying and entering them with a view to taking them apart. Narcotic trafficking and other related drug crimes, the smuggling of people, and the disgusting crime of child exploitation are the main crimes these gangs are engaged in. They can also take over in immigrant communities to enforce a dangerous kind of vigilante law, where innocent people are coerced through fear to cooperate in illegal activities. The CID works to stop these crimes, and protect U.S. national security from the operations of these groups.

Violent and Financial Crimes, Public Corruption and Civil Rights Abuses

The CID is interested in the financial crime of aiding terrorist organisations, which puts the public and national security at risk. Historically, the CID has dismantled many financial schemes whereby white collar criminals have procured money from embezzlement, laundering or ripping off innocent customers. The CID also investigates banks, charities and other financial institutions that are suspicious, and could also be helping terrorist organisations get funded.

The CID also prioritises violent crimes, including serial murder, rape, and crimes against children. Many of these crimes involve criminals with problematic psychological conditions that cause them to behave criminally in an escalating fashion. The CID uses expects in investigation and profiling to apprehend these criminals, and also follows up cases of kidnapping, unidentifiable bodies and hijackings.

Civil rights and public corruption are big concerns for the CID. The division must keep track of government officials and law enforcement professionals suspected of committing crimes, and investigate them thoroughly. This includes the investigation of hate crimes, civil rights violations and offences against voter rights.