The main information collecting arm of the FBI is the the Directorate of Intelligence. The information collected pertains to a broad range of economic criminals, gangsters, terrorists and other criminals, and its analysed by a multitude of FBI professionals. All information collected is then collated and used by the FBI to increase their already vast understanding of criminal and terrorist organisations. This helps the FBI notice any impending planned attacks on the U.S., or keep them ahead of any dynamic shifts within the operations of criminal groups.
The FBI’s Directorate of Intelligence’s Breadth and Scope
It is essential for the FBI to have constantly updated information regarding the activities of terrorists and other criminals at home and abroad. The Directorate of Intelligence is an integral part of this, ensuring the U.S. maintains a strong intelligence network. The Directorate spearheads the development of new capabilities including state-of-the-art surveillance by digitally spying, which are given their mandate by laws like the Patriot Act. The Directorate of Intelligence also operates in foreign territories, employing human resources to gain intelligence, and collaborating with international intelligence and law enforcement professionals.
All the information gained by the Directorate is examined by experts including analysis and linguists, and distilled down to the most salient facts. The FBI has a track record of weak linguistics, however has filled those gaps by employing heavy skilled linguistic individuals to translate across many dialects and languages.
Intelligence analysts also help the Directorate in looking for evidence of pending attacks, terrorist goals, and the disposition of criminal resources by scouring relevant information. With sophisticated profiling methods, these analysts also undertake behavioural analysis in order to create comprehensive profiles of the personalities of important individuals within terrorist and criminal cells.